If you like to decorate your house’s interior with plants, philodendron plants are worth checking out. Different philodendron types are easy to grow and provide countless ways to decorate your interior. Their large leaves and long aerial roots put them ahead of other plants when it comes to decoration.
Philodendrons are not subject to indoor use only. As they belong to the Aroids class, they can even grow outdoor in warm climates. However, there exist over 480 different philodendron types to choose from. With so many philodendrons in the market, which are the ones you must keep your eyes out for?
Types of Philodendron Plants
Today, we will go over 17 different philodendron types and discuss their characteristics. You will also find these best for decoration.
1-) Philodendron Hederaceum
First up is the Hedecaceum, widely known as the Heartleaf that is very popular all around the world. Found in South America and the Caribbean, this plant is easy to grow and does not require much attention. Therefore, it is ideal for new or amateur gardeners.
The Hederaceum has leaves shaped like a heart, having a shiny green look to them. It gives you countless decoration ideas, as it can climb or trail up to four feet. If your Heartleaf shows poor growth signs, cut the stem near a node to allow new growth.
2-) Philodendron Bipinnatifidum
Next in the philodendron types is the Bipinnatifidum. Also known as the Hope plant and Lacey tree, it is native to South America. Its leaves are large and feature deep lobes. The Hope plant leaves tend to face the light. To keep the foliage balanced and the plant correctly placed, make sure to rotate it regularly.
From the decoration perspective, Bipinnatifidum does not trail or climb. It grows as a floor plant. Make sure you have enough space indoor to grow this plant, as it can spread for as far as five feet of width.
3-) Philodendron Brasil
Another in the philodendron types is the Brasil, known by P.Silver stripe and P.Cream splash names. This plant grows in tropical climates and relates to the Heartleaf plant we discussed above. Although a cultivar, it differs from the Heartleaf by a white or lime-colored strip in the middle of its leaves. A pink shade to the stem also magnifies the beauty of the plant.
The Brasil is a fast-growing plant and can survive low light. However, the leaves grown under low light are not as attractive as under bright or medium light.
4-) Philodendron Micans
The Micans are next in the philodendron types that are native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and the Southern USA. It can trail or climb and has a velvety texture to its heart-shaped leaves. The leaves feature a dull yet attractive color, being dark-green and bronze. The undersides also resemble a rusty look that complements well with the overall look of the plant.
If you like to keep this plant indoors, make sure you have a spacious room. The Micans can grow up to a length of 6 feet.
5-) Philodendron Rugosum
Found in Ecuador, the Rugosum also goes by other names such as Naugahyde and Pigskin. Among different philodendron types, the Regosum is a rare type of species. This plant also features heart-shaped leaves with patterned textures. The pattern differs on each leaf and is not identical.
The Rugosum leaves are relatively thicker than other plants, and the glossy and bright green look they offer is distinct. Although the choice of many for indoor decoration, this plant is near distinction due to loss of habitat, so it is difficult to obtain.
6-) Philodendron Moonlight
The Moonlight plant is one of the philodendron types that we find in South America. It takes many characteristics from the Heartleaf variety. Its glowing bright green foliage makes it a good match for both indoor and outdoor decorations. The Moonlight cannot climb or trail because it is a runner. However, you can use it as a houseplant to add more spark and color to your plant collection.
7-) Philodendron Hastatum
Widely known as the Silver Sword, the Hastatum is one of the philodendron types, which grows in Brazil. It has comparatively longer leaves than other plants that change color with maturity. Originally, they feature blue or gray leaves, but they turn into a gray or green shade with time.
The Hastatum can climb or trail, which speaks volumes about its versatility when it comes to decoration. You can also pinch the stem of the plant if it shows poor growth for a fresh start.
😎 Scindapsus pictus
Native to Southeast Asia, this plant known as the Silver philodendron and Silver pothos is another type you should keep your eyes out for. It is neither a pothos nor a philodendron, but its look closely resembles those from the philodendron family. The Silver philodendron’s leaves wear a dark green color with white or silver dots. It needs the same level of care as other philodendrons and can trail over six feet.
9-) Monstera Deliciosa
Also called the Swiss cheese plant, the Monstera is native to Mexico and Panama. It presents split leaves and closely resembles the split-leaf philodendron. However, the Monstera is not a philodendron. When grown in its natural habitat and not as a houseplant, it is fruit-bearing.
Like other philodendron types, its leaves are somewhat toxic. The plant grows as an indoor vine pretty easily and can achieve a height of up to six feet.
10-) Philodendron White Knight
Another plant in the philodendron family is the White Knight that is native to South America. The White Knight’s leaves wear a green color with white blotches. It is comparatively rare, and cream-colored stems give it a more beautified look. The White Knight is a climbing or trailing plant that grows relatively slower. However, you can also give it the face of a bushy houseplant by trimming it frequently.
11-) Philodendron Xanadu
Widely known as the Winterbourne, the Xanadu is a philodendron plant native to Brazil. It can be large and covers a width more than its height. Like Selloum, the Xanadu features green leaves ruffled at the edges. The Xanadu can cover up to four feet in width and height and grows upright. The lobed leaves and dense clumps give the plant an excellent look indoors, getting the onlookers’ attention.
12-) Philodendron Erubescens
Also known as the Pink Princess, the Eurbescens are one of the philodendron types. They are residents of Costa Rica and the rainforests of South America. The plant can feature various combinations of colors, ranging from black to dark green with a pink shade. The Pink Princess can trail up to five feet. The pink shade is a result of lacking chlorophyll. To keep a balance, you must frequently expose the plant to indirect light. Due to its pink and reddish hue, the Erubescens is a good choice for indoor decorations of houses and offices.
13-) Philodendron Brandtianum
Commonly known as the Brandi Philodendron, this plant is a great match for indoor embellishments. The Brandi features rich green foliage carved by silver stripes. The plant is compliant to low light conditions that make it an even better choice for indoor decorations. The Brandi also cleans the surrounding air like other philodendron types.
14-) Philodendron Grazielae
The Grazielae is another plant in the philodendron family. The plant features shiny green heart-shaped leaves. The Grazielae grows slower than other philodendron types, so you’ve got to be patient with it. Although the plant can trail, it is likely to topple. Provide support with a prop to keep the plant in its upright position.
15-) Philodendron Bipennifolium
Commonly known as the Fiddleleaf philodendron, it is native to Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, and South Brazil. The horse- and fiddle-shaped leaves can grow up to 18 inches in length, bringing the air of tropical rainforests indoors. The plant gives one of the best looks for indoor beautification. However, due to their large leaves, the Fiddle leaf are subject to toppling. Use a prop to support the plant and avoid flopping.
16-) Philodendron ‘Prince of Orange’
The Prince of Orange plant is relatively smaller than other philodendrons that take the form of a shrub, growing only up to 24 inches tall. New leaves in this plant have an eye-catching orange color, although the foliage is light green. Throughout the growth stage, the Prince of Orange presents different looks with changing colors and textures.
17-) Philodendron Selloum
Also known as the Tree philodendron, the Selloum is the last plant in our philodendron types list. It is larger than other philodendrons and features dark green leaves with ruffled edges.
The plant can grow up to five feet in width and height. The support for the vastness of the plant comes from the thick trunk covered by foliage.
We know Philodendron plants for their friendliness among new gardeners due to their easy-to-grow and maintain nature. If you’re looking for innovative ideas to give your house a fresh look from both outside and inside, philodendrons are your best friends!
If you’re more of an advanced gardener, check out our guide on 20 essential gardening tools you need to succeed.
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